An in-depth guide & comparison of different infrared heaters
ECO CARBON FIBRE PANELS
Yoga Panels Patented Eco Carbon emitters with low EMFs and NO VOCs are the first ecologically friendly heaters on the market. Eco Carbon heaters use a patented procedure to seal the carbon fibre weave between 10 layers of environmentally friendly, non-conductive material. The use of ten sandwich layers with a Carbon fibre copper infused core, makes for the most efficient heater available. Eco Carbon Fibre Yoga Panels are over 98% efficient with a micron wave between 6 and 13, with the majority at 9.4 microns (the optimal point for human heating body). Eco Carbon Fibre Yoga Panels are produce lower EMFR’s (electromagnetic ratios) than any other heaters on the market. Eco Carbon Fibre Yoga Panels are not only the most efficient and ecologically friendly heaters, they are also the world’s safest. Each individual heater has its own patented thermal safety device.
Carbon fibre is made through a chemical and physical process with a raw material called polyacrylonitrile (PAN). The manufacturing process consists of taking PAN, spinning it into long strands or fibers that are then heated(heating breaks the Hydrogen bond releasing the Carbon ions), reheated, oxidized,sized, and then woven into sheets which after infused with copper. The carbon fibre weave is then pressed between the non-conductive VOC free layers to complete the panel manufacturing process. With carbon fibre heaters you will feel more evenly distributed heat across your entire body as the entire heater surface is producing the proper infrared wavelength. Yoga Panels patented Eco Carbon fibre heaters are the most efficient form of Far infra- red heating with 98-99% of its emission in the proper wavelength.
ALUMINUM INFRARED PANELS
The use of low quality infrared emitters has been very common for heating industrial warehouses, garages and of offices. Aluminum yoga panels are actually radiant ceiling panels that were intended to be used in a commercial of office or warehouse application. They have been re purposed and sold as an infrared heating panel for yoga studios. The design of these panels is not to heat the human body at the correct wavelength and temperature but to create a heated of office and warehouse space at a lower cost than traditional heating methods. Aluminum infrared heaters are composed of a metal frame constructed out of Galvanized or Aluminized Steel. Inside the metal frame they contain a Te on insulated aluminum core along with a layer of thermal insulation. The face of the panel is a 22-gauge piece of aluminum coated with a crystalline surface. They are classified by the manufacture as Radiant ceiling panels and as per the manufactures catalog are designed for “Of offices; Hallways; Lobbies; Conference Rooms; Retail Spaces; Locker Rooms; Laboratories; warehouses; garages; storage lockers; patios and Basements.”
Aluminum panels have been tested and found to have EMFR ratings of 100+ mg at 1” from the heater. Aluminum panels are also painted and contain fibreglass insulation, both of which emit harmful VOC’s when heated. The average life span of an aluminum panel is only 10,000 hours and due to the heating core being larger the panels require more energy to run. Aluminum panels also come with either a glass or ceramic front, which prohibits the effective range of the wavelength to less than 10’.
CARBON CRYSTAL HEATERS : Some aluminum panels are listed as Carbon Crystal heaters. They are simply referring to the crystalline coating on the face of the panel, which contains carbon crystals. This is done as a marketing ploy to try and market the panels as Carbon fibre heaters, which they are not.
QUARTZ INFRARED HEATERS
Quartz infrared heating elements only emit medium wave infrared energy and are primarily used as patio or warehouse heaters. They are particularly effective in systems where rapid heater response is required. Developed in the 1950s at General Electric, these lamps produce most of their radiant heat in the medium infrared wavelength and are not suited to heat the human body for extended periods of time. They contain a clear Quartz element with a metal wire inside and are installed in front of highly polished reflectors. The reflectors help to direct the radiation in a uniform and concentrated pattern. Quartz heat lamps are used in food processing, chemical processing, paint drying, and thawing of frozen materials. They can also be used for comfort heating in cold areas such as patios and garages, in incubators, and in other applications for heating, drying, and baking.
CERAMIC INFRARED HEATERS
Ceramic infrared heaters come in multiple different configurations. The most common are ceramic tubes filled with silica sand and placed in front of a reflective shield. There are other lower quality versions which contain concave steel plates coated in a ceramic coating. Ceramic infrared emitters were designed in the 1980-2000’s as spot heaters for injuries. A high quality ceramic emitter will be able to produce upwards of 85% of its emission in the correct infrared wavelength. Ceramic emitters were successfully used in many infrared sauna technologies before the discovery of carbon fibre emitters. They are only suited for small rooms such as saunas as they aren’t large enough to heat objects further than 3-4’ in front of them.
METAL WIRE ELEMENT HEATERS
Metal wire heating elements first appeared in the 1920 and these elements consist of wire made from Chromel. The heaters are produced by coiling the wire into a spiral and then wrapping it around a ceramic body. When heated to high temperatures the Chromel forms a protective layer of chromium-oxide, which protects the wire from burning, and corrosion, this also causes the element to glow. These elements are commonly used in restaurants to heat food as well as in bathrooms as heat lamps outside of showers. They do not produce a far infrared wave- length but do produce near and medium infrared wavelengths. The heat is very hot within 10’ of the element and can cause severe skin damage if a per- son stays under the light for to long.
Radiant tube gas infrared heaters are used for industrial and commercial building space heating and burn natural gas or propane to heat a steel emitter tube. The combustion of the gases heat the emitter tube. As the tube heats, radiant energy from the tube strikes floors and other objects in the area, warming them. This form of heating maintains warmth even when a large volume of cold air is suddenly introduced, such as in maintenance garages or above check out stands in Home depot. With new untarnished reflectors, radiant tubes gas heaters only have a projected radiant efficiency of about 60%, with the majority of the infrared wavelength being near or medium infrared. While these heaters are great for warehouses they should never be used with purpose of receiving infrared light for the human body.